When looking at anatomy we have to start with the bones. We have 206 to 213 bones in the human body. The points where bones touch the skin, we call landmarks. These are bony areas that show at the surface. In my drawings, I make these areas darker or sharper, to differentiate shade from muscles. The bone structure of humans is quite similar but the muscles are always different. We need to know the bones because most muscles are attached to the bones.
We work with real-life models because it’s not as easy to locate these landmarks. In anatomy books, they use easier, simple drawings. Humans are all different, learning and seeing the differences is the study of anatomy. Some muscles cover-up the landmarks. By working with a real-life model you can notice the unique differences found in everyone. If you’d like to learn drawing anatomy make sure you buy a book that has photos.
This is my Bible, because it also have photos, drawings, starting points of the muscle. You need photos because you need to find it on the model.
We draw the bones on the model. Most will stay in place, only the shoulder blades will move a lot.
Start to draw a skeleton and find the landmarks on yourself.
Frontal bone – Find the two or more round edges in the forehead. Asian have them closer together then westerners
Mandible. More corned by male
Ribs, Costal Cartilage
7Th Cervical Vertebra
Medial Border of Scapula
Spine of Scapula
Arms and hands
Medial Epicondyle of the Humerus
Styloid Process of Ulna
Styloid of process Radius
Medial Epicondyle of Femur
Medial condyle of Tibia
Head of Fibula
The red is a landmark, where the bone is close to the skin.
Before we move on to applying structure and proportion to the figure drawings we need to learn the landmarks of the body.