The Landmarks of the Body

When looking at anatomy we have to start with the bones. We have 206 to 213 bones in the human body. The points where bones touch the skin, we call landmarks. These are bony areas that show at the surface. In my drawings, I make these areas darker or sharper, to differentiate shade from muscles. The bone structure of humans is quite similar but the muscles are always different. We need to know the bones because most muscles are attached to the bones.

We work with real-life models because it’s not as easy to locate these landmarks. In anatomy books, they use easier, simple drawings. Humans are all different, learning and seeing the differences is the study of anatomy. Some muscles cover-up the landmarks. By working with a real-life model you can notice the unique differences found in everyone. If you’d like to learn drawing anatomy make sure you buy a book that has photos.

Human Anatomy for Artist

This is my Bible, because it also have photos, drawings, starting points of the muscle. You need photos because you need to find it on the model.

We draw the bones on the model. Most will stay in place, only the shoulder blades will move a lot.

Start to draw a skeleton and find the landmarks on yourself.

Landmarks of the human body

Head

  1. Frontal bone – Find the two or more round edges in the forehead. Asian have them closer together then westerners
  2. Temporal line
  3. Nasal
  4. Zygomatic
  5. Mandible. More corned by male
  6. Clavicle

Font Body

  1. Acromion process
  2. Sternum
  3. Ribs, Costal Cartilage
  4. Iliac crest
  5. ASIS
  6. Pubic bone

Backside body

  1. 7Th Cervical Vertebra
  2. Medial Border of Scapula
  3. Spine of Scapula
  4. PSIS
  5. Sacrum
  6. Tailbone

Arms and hands

  1. Olecranon
  2. Medial Epicondyle of the Humerus
  3. Ulna Furrow
  4. Styloid Process of Ulna
  5. Styloid of process Radius
  6. Phalanges

Legs

  1. Greater Trochanter
  2. Medial Epicondyle of Femur
  3. Lateral Epicondyle
  4. Medial condyle of Tibia
  5. Medial Malleolus
  6. Lateral Malleolus
  7. Head of Fibula

Foot

  1. Phalanges
  2. Calcaneus
  3. 5th Metatarsal

The red is a landmark, where the bone is close to the skin.

Shoulder Blade Bone
Foot Bone Human Anatomy for Artist
Skull Bone Anatomy for Artist

Before we move on to applying structure and proportion to the figure drawings we need to learn the landmarks of the body.